About

 
 
Fully qualified Equine Therapist. Specialising in the Winks Greene Transeva. Treatment is for the assesment and treatment for musculoskeletal injuries in the equine, by re-establishing correct muscle movement and function 
 

Equine Transeva Technique

 
 
 

ETT Video

 
 
 
 
 
 

The Practitioner

 
 
The Practitioner

The Practitioner has complete control over a freely movable hand-held electrode, which allows for the specific targeting of muscle areas and a more preside therapeutic effect. During this, the other hand is being used to control the frequency and intensity of the pulses. The variable and wide-ranging pulses allow for deep penetration for both superficial and deep muscles to be stimulated.

The Equine Transeva Technique can be used for a variety of musculoskeletal injuries in the horse, which can also be used in perfecting and maintaining the equine athlete. Horses training at high levels will put strain on certain muscle groups. Therefore, it is important to maintain the horse’s muscular groups to help prevent them from injury. Horses being flight animals are designed to hide pain, so they cannot be targeted by a predator. Horses can change their movement slightly to reduce the pain from the injury. The Transeva creates an optimum environment for muscles to build, by releasing tension and toxicity from a certain muscle group.

Muscle Pairs and Chains

Muscle pairs and chains play an important part in the horses movement, muscles work in pairs called agonists (Prime mover brings about movement) and antagonists (Resists or opposes the movement). These allow for the movement of the horse to be smooth and controlled. The horse has two chain groups. These are the Dorsal chain (above the spine and behind the hip), which is responsible for the forward movement and the transferring of power through the back. Whereas, the Ventral chain lies below the spine and in front of the hip, these play a big role in bringing the hind leg under the horse.

The brachiocephalicus muscle plays a major part in the protraction for the forelimbs. These pairs and chains need to be balanced in order for the horse to create power with fully-flowing and controlled movement. When the horse has been trained correctly and all its muscle groups are balanced, so there is no strain on any specific muscle group, the horse will be able to move more efficiently, using less energy and stay sound for longer.

The Practitioner can help prepare the horse for races and competitions, allowing the horse to perform to its best ability. Concentrating on getting an equal contraction throughout the muscle systems, stimulating oxygen and blood flow which then reduces lactic acid and fatigue. Horses that have been treated regularly before a race or competition have shown an improvement in their performance.
 
 
 

The Iliopsoas Theory

 
 
The Iliopsoas consists of three muscles; Psoas Minor, Psoas Major and Iliacus. The Iliopsoas tilts the pelvis forward, brings the back up and flexes the hip joint. They all engage the hind limb under the horse. The Psoas Major and Iliacus become a major flexor and the Psoas Minor flexes the lumbosacral joint. This muscle is where the power comes from when the horse has to engage. Horses are like humans who prefer one side and are weaker on the other. To improve the horses straightness and balance, the horse has to be moving equally, either side taking the same stride length. The origin of the iliopsoas is the ventral transverse processes of lumbar. This is situated just behind the saddle area and where most problems could be caused. Most horses who have ‘back pain’ will most likely have a problem with the bulk of that muscle. Due to the origin, insertion and function of this muscle, it can be easily injured by anything from not warming up correctly, to falling or excessive strain.

Common signs of an injured iliopsoas is if the horse has a weak/injured near-hind ‘dropping leg’ (the weaker leg that doesn’t follow through as well). This would cause the off-fore to over work causing tension to move into the shoulder, up the neck and into the jaw. The horse would be stiff to the right when at work or lame in the diagonal foreleg. The opposite hind ‘twists’ taking more of the bodies work, this can cause more strain and pressure on the glutes, hip and stifle. The opposite hind leg will make an outward movement causing the gluteus medius muscle to overwork. The hamstring works less, as there is less backward movement of the leg. The pelvis will be moved to this side due to weak compensation of the weak hind. The muscles control the movement of the joints, if the muscles are not functioning correctly then there will be a strain in the joints, which in the later years could cause the horse to become lame.
 
 
 

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)

 
 
The TMJ is a complex Diarthrodial joint that consists of both Ventral and Dorsal components. TMJ problems in the horse have been largely unrecognised and can lead to a decreased range of motion of the mandible. If a horse is in pain then they can start changing their behaviour, this includes head shaking, becoming heavy in the bridle, grinding teeth, quidding etc.

Dentists are good at preventing/ fixing problems within the mouth, for equal molar contact it is important that the masseter is not restricted allowing the horse move its jaw equally. The Transeva can help with incisor misalignment, molar contact on each side and if a horse carries its head to one side.

When treating the TMJ the Practitioner can release tension in the masseter by correcting the movement and improving the incisor alignment. Because the whole horse is connected, by treating the TMJ we can also improve and work on the horse’s pelvis due to the longissimus chain. By correcting the movement of the TMJ the overall movement of the horse can be improved.

 
 
 

Functions of the Transeva

 
 
• Identify muscle dysfunction

• Improve muscular movement

• Relieves muscle discomfort

• Improves muscle efficiency

• Creates good circulation

• Increase healing in damaged tissues

• Stimulates venous and lymphatic return to prevent injury and inflammation
 
 
 

Effects of the machine

 
 
• Improves muscle tone function and efficiency

• Increases blood circulation to muscles which increases healing

• Cleans away waste products

• Increase fluid absorption

• Increase oxygen and nourishment to area

• Improve muscle strain
 
 
 

Benefits of the Transeva

 
 
• Haematomas

• Muscle bruising

• Muscle atrophy

• Tendon injuries

• Fractures

• Acute or chronic joint ligament sprains

• Enhances performance

• Myofascial release
 
 
 

Suitable cases for Treatment

 
 

• Muscle wastage

• Decline in performance

• Reluctance to being saddled or shod

• Behavioural changes

• Cold backed

• Stiff to a certain rein

• Freezing/ Rearing/ Bucking

• Stride shortens when girthed

• Tension in front or hindquarter

• TMJ – reluctance to accept contact – fussing with the bit

• Toxic horse

 

Dressage (weak N/H or injury to N/H)

• Stiff O/F jaw

• Right canter lead more difficult

• Leg yield right more difficult

• Half pass left more difficult

• Uncomfortable change in diagonal

Show jumping (Weak/injury to either side)

• Stops more when jumping off a certain rein

• Stops second round when tired

• Struggles to change canter lead

• Flying jumps

• Knock with a certain leg

Racehorse (weak/injury either side)

• Cold backed

• Doesn’t change pace in gallop

• Freezes

• Problem at starting stalls

Polo Ponies (weak/injury either side)

• Reluctant to go on polo field

• Resistant in mouth runs through bridle

• Cold backed

• Freezes on polo field

Breeding (weak/injury either side)

• Difficulty in mounting

• Takes a long time to cover

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Therapist

 
 
From a very young age I have always been around horses, with my Mother and Auntie always competing at events and my Uncle being a steeplechase jockey. I had my first pony, Molly, at the age of 7, throughout the years I have been into eventing and show jumping.

At the age of 12 I got a scholarship for Stonar School, near Bath, for my riding abilities,here I was able to take my pony Elvis. I had regular lessons with Fiona Hobby and Darrel Scaife. I regularly competed in the ISODES and was a member of the Stonar Elite Academy and winning Rider of the Year award for the 4 years that I was there.

Following on from there I went to Hartpury College where I studied level 3 Extended Horse Management Equitation. After spending two years there with my horse Dilly, we were accepted onto the Academy Team. Here we were given top coaching in show jumping from Lizzel Winter and Corrine Bracken. At Hartpury we studied many subjects including rehab therapy. It was there that I decided to pursue a career in Equine Therapy.

I have always been dedicated to horses from a young age including their health and wellbeing, working with them correctly and producing my own horses. I noticed that when I was show jumping, more strain would be put on the horse’s joints if the muscles were not working correctly or if there was a certain weaker muscle group. Whenever a therapist came to look at my horses I was always very interested in what they were doing, and how I could change my riding and the movement of the horse in order to prevent the same injury again.

I have had regular riding lessons and been a part of the pony club from a very young age. I started BS (British Show jumping) when I was 13 and have been working through the levels from 80 cm to 1.25 cm. When I was at Hartpury I was competing regularly in BS, including the Hartpury Spectacular and Blue Chip. When I was 14 I won the UK Pony Club National Eventing Championships on my pony Elvis, all whilst working up the levels in pony club and competing in the Elite class at the Championships.

I was intrigued when I first heard about St Charles Strong and his “Strongbox” from my saddle fitter. This old english technique has been used many years ago for treating the Queen’s and Lord Mountbatten’s horses, it was so successful that he got knighted for his work.

However when he died his work was carried out by his South African “Apprentice” and I learnt that I would have to move to South Africa for a year to gain more experience in this field, which I did in August of 2016.

During the year I got to treat many different horses with different injuries and we also had our own project horses, which we could ride and treat to improve their injuries and performance. We also had tremendous success treating polo ponies and improving the fitness of racehorses, to such an extent that we were delighted yet again that “our” horse we had worked on won the Durban July South Africa’s biggest horse race.

 
 
 

History

 
 

Sir Charles Strong qualified in England as a Physiotherapist in 1930. In 1939 Lord Mountbatten stated ‘‘As humans respond so rapidly to this form of treatment for their injuries, why isn’t it used on horses for theirs?’’. Soon after this treatments to the injured polo ponies started and there were astonishing results in their recovery. After many years of developing the machine to make improvements to the current, Charles Strong developed the “Strong Box” in the 1950’s.

Winks Greene, Strong’s apprentice, was with him when he developed the original method, treating and pinpointing a variety of musculoskeletal injuries. In 1984, Winks Greene started the Natal Equine Physiotherapy Centre in Nottingham Road, South Africa.

Winks had two major characteristics which were dedication and determination. One of Greene’s most remembered horses was “Gondolier”. This was one of South Africa’s top race horses who recently had suffered an injury to its near hind quarter when training. As no one could pinpoint the problem area, Winks started working on him. Two and a half months later he went on to win the 1985 Rothmans Durban July Handicap race.

When Sir Charles Strong passed away Winks went on to develop the new machine – the “Winks Greene Transeva”. Winks treated thousands of horses with the machine and their owners said that the Transeva was “Spectacular”.

Beth Shaw, an established rider from the USA, met Winks in 1995 when she became her apprentice at the Natal Rehabilitation Centre. Beth had many successes over several years with South Africa’s top racehorses and opened up BSET Academy. The academy is located in South Africa and was established in 2008 by Beth Shaw. Today the academy has over 30 graduates who are now treating horses all over the world using the Transeva technique.

What to expect
As any Equine Therapist I work under The Veterinary Surgeons Act (1966). This states that veterinary consent must be obtained prior to treating any animal. A phone call to your vet is usually sufficient, followed by a consent form which is sent through prior to treatment.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Initial Assessment Procedure

 
 
The Equine Transeva Technique Assessment will allow Dominica to gain a comprehensive understanding of the current state of the equine patient. The Practitioner has complete control over a freely movable hand-held electrode, while the other hand is used to control the frequency and intensity of the pulse, remaining in complete control of the strength of contractions at all times. The unique and wide-ranging pulse allows for deep penetration without causing discomfort, allowing both superficial and deep muscles to be stimulated. By assessing the elasticity, contractility and irritability of the muscle the Practitioner can pinpoint the exact area of weakness, inefficiency or trauma.
 
 
 

Treatment Plan

 
 
Once the specific needs of your horse have been identified via the Assessment Process, a personal treatment plan can be devised to offer the most effective treatment option for you. We believe that it is important for the therapist and owner to have a clear vision of what the required result may be, whether working to an event timetable or simply wanting to correct identified issues. Our treatment plans are bespoke to the needs of our service user. This level of interaction allows a level of transparency on costs, up front. Regular assessments are part of all our treatment plans and will allow for metrics from which progress can be derived.
 
 
 

Supplementary Services

 
 
At this time I am also progressing my British Horse Society accreditation to stage 4 (Senior Coach) in order to further develop my skills in Equine Care & Management, as well as my riding and teaching skills.

Therefore, I want to work towards combining my treatments with lessons to focus on the rehabilitation of the horse and rider. As such, I am also available for 1-2-1 riding lessons for ages 6+ in basic riding, flatwork and showjumping. I'm also interested to work with horses to improve their cooperation for basic handling techniques. I have had experience with foals and yearlings in handling and treatments.